The Zuni Indian Reservation is the homeland of the tribe of . It lies in the valley and is located primarily in and counties in western , about 150 miles (240 km) west of . There are also several smaller non-contiguous sections in , northwest of the city of . The main part of the reservation borders the state of to the west and the to the east. The main reservation is also surrounded by the , the and the . The reservation's total land area is 723.343 sq mi (1,873.45 km²). The population was reported at 7,758 inhabitants in the .
Religion is central to Zuni life. Their religious beliefs are centered on the three most powerful of their deities: Earth Mother, Sun Father, and Moonlight-Giving Mother, as well as Old Lady Salt and White Shell Woman, as well as other katsinas.
Zunis have a cycle of religious ceremonies. Each person's life is marked by important ceremonies to celebrate the passage of certain life milestones. Birth, coming of age, marriage and death are especially celebrated.
The Zuni make a religious pilgrimage every four years on the Barefoot Trail to Kołuwala:wa, also called Zuni Heaven or Kachina Village; a 12,482-acre (50.51 km2) detached portion of the Zuni Reservation about sixty miles southwest of Zuni Pueblo. The four-day observance occurs around the summer solstice. It has been practiced for many hundreds of years and is well known to local residents.
Another pilgrimage conducted annually for centuries by the Zuni and other southwestern tribes is made to Zuni Salt Lake. They harvest salt during the dry months, and celebrate religious ceremonies. The lake is home to the Salt Mother, Ma'l Okyattsik'i, and is reached by several ancient Pueblo roads and trails.
Coming of age, or rite of passage, is celebrated differently by boys and girls.
Work projects in New Mexico are either serving on the Zuni Reservation or working with the Diocese of Gallup. We go where the need is the greatest. We have worked on the Zuni Reservation, renovated convents and schools in diocese, and assisted the Little Sisters of the Poor in their care for the elderly poor.