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A History of South Africa, Fourth Edition

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NOTE: The information regarding South Africa on this page is re-published from The Library of Congress Country Studies. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of South Africa History information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about South Africa History should be addressed to the Library of Congress.

Some milestones in the South African history:
1652 - Dutch Settlers arrive under the leadership of Jan van Riebeeck
1795 - British occupation
1800 onwards - the Zulu kingdom becomes mighty
1835 - Dutch and other settlers leave the Cape colony
1838 - Zulu-Boer battle at Blood River
1879 - Anglo-Zulu war
1880 - First Boer war
1899 - Second Boer War
1960 - The Struggle
1961 - South Africa becomes a republic
1966 - The bush war starts
1990 - Mandela freed, ANC unbanned
1994 - First election in which the whole population vote

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The History of Apartheid in South Africa

During the third era in South African history, the region was colonised by European powers. This era of colonisation, which started in the 1400s and involved Portuguese, Dutch and eventually English colonisation, ended with the racist Apartheid regime. It was essentially the discovery of mineral wealth in South Africa that led to the wholesale annexure of South Africa by England. Apartheid, on the other hand, involved the subjugation of the indigenous tribes, as part of a racist system of disenfranchisement and control. The Apartheid government declared South Africa to be an independent republic in 1961.