The buds are usually encased in modified leaves – scale leaves. These may be tough protective structures, they may be coloured or they may be sticky (as in the horse chestnut). When the scale leaves fall, they often leave distinctive scars on the twigs (see the photo to the left). The size, colour, position of the buds can often help identify a tree in winter, when the leaves have been shed.
We are developing a series of guides to help you identify individual tree species on the right. Just click on the name of the tree that interests you. This part of the site is still under development, we hope to be able to add pictures of winter twigs etc ….. and other tree species.