The International Convention Against Doping in Sport was drafted under the U.N. and has been ratified by more than 70 countries. It urges nations to promote anti-doping controls for international competition, like the Olympics and Pan American Games.
The first and second reasons are quite logical, but the third is more difficult to define; however, it illustrates the wish to highlight sports as healthy, ‘clean’ and a good environment for youth development. International sports leaders are most likely well aware of the fact that another statement by Catlin also is correct: ‘No matter how sophisticated (test and controls) for every move to the right the other guys are moving to the left and it balances out again’. Nevertheless, they have to set money aside for anti-doping work. In other words, regardless of the effort and money spent, doping in elite sports (and among many leisure sports-active individuals) is still present and quite common.
There are several hundred forms of known and potentially more unknown dopingsubstances and techniques abused by professional athletes worldwide. Thisreview will provide a summary of the history of doping in sport, and focuson the most commonly abused substances: anabolic androgenic steroids, humangrowth hormone (hGH) and erythropoietin (EPO).