Descartes founded 17th century continental rationalism, later advocated by Baruch Spinoza and Gottfried Leibniz, andopposed by the empiricist school of thought, consisting of Hobbes, Locke, Berkeley & Hume. Leibniz, Spinoza andDescartes were all versed in mathematics as well as philosophy, and Descartes and Leibniz contributed significantly toscience as well. As the inventor of the Cartesian coordinate system, Descartes founded analytic geometry, that bridgebetween algebra and geometry crucial to the invention of the calculus and analysis.
The philosophy discussed in this volume covers a period of 350 years, from the middle of the 14th century to the early years of the 18th century: the birth of modern philosophy. The chief topics are Renaissance philosophy and 17th century rationalism - in particular Descartes, Spinoza and Leibniz. The volume does not deal with these movements ...